Welcome back to the our channel for a discussion about the amazing technology used to prevent flooding, erosion, and other water damage in coastal structures. Originally designed by: The Dolos was designed in 1963 by a South African harbour draughtsman Aubrey Kruger, and were first used on the breakwater in East London, a South African port city. They work by dissipating, rather than blocking, the energy of waves. The Xblocks are based on Krugers design. A breakwater is a permanent structure constructed at a coastal area to protect against tides, currents, waves, and storm surges. Part of a coastal management system, breakwaters are installed to minimize erosion, and to protect anchorages, helping isolate vessels within them from marine hazards such as prop washes and wind-driven waves. A breakwater, also known in some contexts as a jetty, may be connected to land or freestanding, and may contain a walkway or road for vehicle access.